 ## What are the two types of radiation pattern?

Types of Radiation patterns Omni-directional pattern (also called non-directional pattern): The pattern usually has a doughnut shape in three-dimensional view.

Fan-beam pattern − The beam has a fan-shaped pattern.

Shaped beam pattern − The beam, which is non-uniform and patternless is known as shaped beam..

## What is 3 dB beamwidth?

Definition of Half Power Beamwidth The 3 dB, or half power, beamwidth of the antenna is defined as the angular width of the radiation pattern, including beam peak maximum, between points 3 dB down from maximum beam level (beam peak).

## What is E plane radiation pattern?

The electric field or “E” plane determines the polarization or orientation of the radio wave. … For a vertically polarized antenna, the E-plane usually coincides with the vertical/elevation plane. For a horizontally polarized antenna, the E-Plane usually coincides with the horizontal/azimuth plane.

## Which antenna has highest directivity?

In contrast, satellite dish antennas have a very high directivity, because they are to receive signals from a fixed direction. As an example, if you get a directTV dish, they will tell you where to point it such that the antenna will receive the signal.

## What is the radiation pattern of Yagi Uda antenna?

Radiation Pattern The directional pattern of the Yagi-Uda antenna is highly directive as shown in the figure given below. The minor lobes are suppressed and the directivity of the major lobe is increased by the addition of directors to the antenna.

## How is antenna gain calculated?

Gain is calculated by comparing the measured power transmitted or received by the antenna in a specific direction to the power transmitted or received by a hypothetical ideal antenna in the same situation. … If no direction is specified, gain refers to peak value in the direction of the antenna’s main lobe.

## What is radiation pattern of an antenna?

In the field of antenna design the term radiation pattern (or antenna pattern or far-field pattern) refers to the directional (angular) dependence of the strength of the radio waves from the antenna or other source. … Other software, like HFSS can also compute the near field.

## What is Hpbw?

In a radio antenna pattern, the half power beam width is the angle between the half-power (-3 dB) points of the main lobe, when referenced to the peak effective radiated power of the main lobe. See beam diameter. Beamwidth is usually but not always expressed in degrees and for the horizontal plane.

## What information is available from a radiation pattern?

The radiation pattern of an antenna is one of its basic properties since it shows the way the antenna distributes its energy in space. It generally consists of a number of lobes and if it is measured far away from the antenna it is independent of distance.

## What is the difference between beamwidth and bandwidth?

As we know bandwidth is the portion of electromagnetic spectrum occupied by a signal. In other words, bandwidth is the difference between upper and lower frequency limits of the signal or operating range of the RF equipment. Bandwidth of antenna is 470-380 = 90 MHz. …

## What is omnidirectional radiation pattern?

In radio communication, an omnidirectional antenna is a class of antenna which radiates equal radio power in all directions perpendicular to an axis (azimuthal directions), with power varying with angle to the axis (elevation angle), declining to zero on the axis.

## How do you plot the radiation pattern in origin?

opx and then drag-and-drop it into Origin workspace, two buttons will appear….With the worksheet containing the prepared data (organized as a virtual matrix) active, click the 3D Polar Plot button to open the dialog.Highlight all data in the worksheet, make settings in the dialog, click OK to plot.More items…•

## How do you find the radiation pattern in HFSS?

1) Firstly, setup for Radiation sphere: … In group of Phi: start = 0 degree. … In group of Theta: start = 0 degree. … 2) Create​ report:HFSS-> Results -> create far field report -> Radiation pattern :by this method you will get Both E-plane and H-plane in one plot.

## How do you calculate beamwidth from radiation pattern?

The Half Power Beamwidth (HPBW) is the angular separation in which the magnitude of the radiation pattern decrease by 50% (or -3 dB) from the peak of the main beam. From Figure 2, the pattern decreases to -3 dB at 77.7 and 102.3 degrees. Hence the HPBW is 102.3-77.7 = 24.6 degrees.

## Which of the following antennas produce a vertical radiation pattern?

Explanation: The same effect as dipole antenna can be achieved with a one-quarter wavelength antenna or Marconi antenna. A vertical dipole with the doughnut-shaped radiation pattern, in which one-half of the pattern is below the surface of the earth. This is called a vertical radiation pattern.

## How do you find the directivity of a radiation pattern?

Directivity is the ratio of the radiation intensity in a given direction from the antenna to the radiation intensity averaged over all directions (IEEE 1993, p. 362). Notes: (1) The average radiation intensity is equal to the total power radiated by the antenna divided by 4p (area of sphere in steradians).